GEH1404:            An Integrated Approach to Environmental Regulation and Inspection of Industrial Sites in the European Union

Speaker:              Henning Hansen

 

This session provides an overview of the EU Industrial Emission Directive currently being implemented to avoid or minimize polluting emissions in the atmosphere, water, and soil, as well as waste from industrial and agricultural installations, with the aim of achieving a high level of environmental and health protection.  Permit structures, industry requirements and inspection processes are covered. Presenters discuss the use of Best Available Techniques (BAT) and their application as a reference tool far beyond the EU.

 

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This lecture presents an overview of the obligations to be met by industrial activities in the EU with a major pollution potential. The EU has established a permit procedure and laid down requirements (EU Industrial Emission Directive). The objective is to avoid or minimize polluting emissions in the atmosphere, water and soil, as well as waste from industrial and agricultural installations, with the aim of achieving a high level of environmental and health protection.

The permit structure is based on an integrated approach where all emissions are regulated, in principle, through one permit. A permit must meet certain basic obligations: Preventive measures are taken against pollution; The best available techniques (BAT) are applied; No significant pollution is caused; Waste is reduced, recycled or disposed of in the manner which creates least pollution; Energy efficiency is maximized; Accidents are prevented and their impact limited; Sites are remediated when the activities come to an end.

Of profound importance is that the industries use the best available techniques to achieve a high general level of protection of the environment as a whole. The European Commission adopts BAT conclusions containing the minimum criterion that is mandatory for industry to meet. These BAY conclusions serve as a reference for the drawing up of permit conditions.

Even though this regulation is only mandatory for countries in the EU much of the technical references on BAT and how to implement and enforce such regulation is applicable and useful for many countries in the World.